Three Ways to Charge an EV at an Apartment Complex

Per the National Multifamily Housing Council¹, there are over 44 million renters in the United States. Of which, over 16 million live in apartments. With the electric vehicle (EV) rising in popularity, many individuals want access to charging an EV at an apartment complex.

One of the biggest barriers to owning an EV can be the lack of charging infrastructure. For those who are homeowners, it is just a matter of installing the home charger in the garage. If this applies to you, check out this article on How to Choose Your Home EV Charger. For those who are renters, however, it can get tricky. There are landlords or HOAs that own and regulate building and site improvements. You are one of these millions of apartment dwellers interested in purchasing an EV and want to charge your car.

There are a number of solutions to get charging for your EV at your apartment. This article details the various conditions and solutions to get EV charging installation at apartment sites. Furthermore, this article will also detail how to request EV charging at an apartment complex.

Typical Conditions

There are three typical parking scenarios for EV charging at apartments:

1) Personal Garage
2) Assigned Parking
3) Shared Parking

Those who have a personal garage have the least amount of friction for charging an EV at an apartment. For those with assigned or shared parking, you will have a few more hurdles; however, there are still ways to charge an EV at an apartment complex. In any case, you will need to get the approval of the property management company before any installation takes place.

Options and Ideas

Below, you will find several suggests for ways to get an EV charging station installed at an apartment complex.

Install an EV Charging at Your Apartment

Installing an EV charging station at your apartment is incredibly convenient. In fact, per the Department of Energy², 80 percent of EV drivers charge at home. This is because charging takes place overnight while the vehicle is not in use. Every morning the EV driver wakes up to a 100% charged battery just like their phone.

How to Request EV Charging at an Apartment Complex

You will need to receive permission from the property management company (or HOA if at a condominium). They will ask you a number of questions about the EV charging installation, so come prepared with an electrician or EV charging consultant at your disposal.

Common questions may involve installation costs, electricity costs responsibilities, networking costs, and insurance requirements. It also will be helpful to explain to the property management company that access to EV charging can attract and retain tenants.

Blink Electric Vehicle (EV) Charger
A Blink charger located in a mixed-use apartment complex garage in Phoenix, Arizona.

In most states, the property management company decides if they will approve or deny your request to install an EV charging station. Fortunately, some states such as California³ or Florida⁴ have EV charging access laws that prohibit landlords, property management companies, or HOAs from denying a renter or owner from installing an EV charging station at his or her own expense. It is best to request proper legal assistance on this matter before approaching management.

Community Charging for Shared Parking

For those who have shared parking, you will need to install a commercial-grade EV charging station connected to the house meter. These chargers are a bit more durable than a residential grade.

They are networked, which means they have software connected to the internet to assist with various features such as access control, payment and billing, maximum session limits, and more. This network, however, comes at a cost per connector, which can vary by network.

Usually, these network fees range from $100 to $300 per connector per year. The payment to use the station can include a minor upcharge to account for the network fees as well as the electricity cost. In other words, all of the station’s operating expenses can be passed off to the EV driver.

Since the shared parking charging station is considered a public amenity, the installation will need to follow the Americans with Disabilities Act⁵ (ADA) requirements. This includes accommodations to the size of the parking stall for accessibility loading and unloading as well as improvements to the path of travel from the parking location to the building entry. A licensed architect will be able to assist in this portion of the design process.

As you can see, proper research and steps need to be taken to install an EV charging station at an apartment complex. There are several role-players throughout the process including an architect, electrical engineer, and electrician. When the proper team is assembled, the project may proceed forward efficiently and successfully.

EV Charging for Your Personal Garage

For those who have a personal garage, then the path to install an EV charging at your apartment is frictionless. A licensed electrician will install the residential grade charger of your choice and wire it to your electrical panel in your garage. The charger is connected to your apartment meter. You will not need to pay for networking as the use and electricity costs of the station will be exclusive to you.

If your electric utility company offers time-of-use (TOU) rates, it may be cost-effective to switch to that rate schedule. With TOU, electricity rates vary depending on the time of the day. Typically, rates at night are cheaper than in the afternoon. Since most charging takes place overnight, it may be the cheapest way to charge your EV at home.

Charge Electric Car on Wall Socket or Wallbox in Apartment Building

If you find yourself in a situation where your assigned parking stall is near a wall socket, it is highly recommended to check with property management before plugging in your portable EV charger.

First, you will need to confirm who is paying for the electricity. It is likely the outlet is suited to support landscaping or maintenance, which would be connected to the house meter. If so, you will need permission from the property management company to use it.

If they refuse, then you will need to install a commercial charging station like a shared parking situation. This commercial charging station will handle who pays for electricity and network fees, which would most likely be you as the EV driver. Once installed, you will have access to overnight charging at home!

Can You Own an Electric Car if You Can’t Charge at Home?

Yes! There are many EV drivers who do not have home charging access. it is possible to own an electric car with a home charger. In fact, Tesla Joy, a Youtuber, has explained her experience in owning an EV without charging at her apartment in this video here. As Tesla Joy describes, she can drive an EV without home charging by accessing public charging stations on a weekly basis.

Public Charging

Electric Vehicle chargers come in two flavors: Level 2 and Level 3 (more commonly known as DC Fast Charging stations). Level 2 public charging stations typically require a fee to use, though there are some that are free. In fact, the public charging provider, Volta, requires no payment for use. Instead, Volta chargers include a large screen to display advertisements to people who pass by.

A Chargepoint EV Charger is located outside an office building in Phoenix, Arizona.

For stations that require payment, tap an RFID card or using the network’s app for access. This process is the same as shared parking charging stations at apartment complexes.

To find these public charging stations, download the popular app, Plugshare. The Plugshare app is crowdsourced by thousands of EV drivers. The app includes key station information such as location, number of connectors, cost, nearby amenities, photos, and user reviews.

Fast Charging Stations

For those who are traveling or want a short charging session, charge at a DC Fast Charging station. Per the name, these charging stations are very fast and powerful. For most EVs, a DC Fast Charging station can recharge from 10 percent to 80 percent in about 30 minutes per Plug in America⁶. This is enough time to stretch the legs, take a restroom break, or grab a bite to eat after a few hours of driving.

Not all DC Fast Charging stations are created equal. Variations include different plugs, cost, and charging speed. To filter out which ones don’t apply to your vehicle or your preferences, use the Plugshare app.
Altogether, these DC Fast Charging sessions are few and far between. As aforementioned, most of the charging will take place at home since it is the most convenient. In the few instances where a quick DC Fast Charging session is needed, it is just a matter of 30 minutes before you are back on the road.

Nevertheless, charging an EV at an apartment will be much easier than relying on public charging stations. For commercial EV charging installations at apartment complexes, it is highly recommended to utilize a licensed and professional technician for any EV charger maintenance, repair, or installation.

365 Pronto’s easy-to-use platform connects the property owner directly to a network of local, compliant, and certified service providers. To learn more about how to onboard and become a Pronto customer, contact the 365 Pronto Team for additional information or a platform demo.

Sources:

National Multifamily Housing Council: Quick Facts: Resident Demopgrahics¹
Department of Energy: Charging at Home²
Astanehe Law: How California Tenants are Charging at Home³
SFPMA: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations – Condominiums Going Green
American with Disabilities Act⁵
Plug in America: What is DC Fast Charging for Electric Vehicles⁶

Choosing an EV Charger for Your Home

Per the Department of Energy, 80 percent of EV drivers charge at home¹, if you’re part of this 80 percent, it’s time to choose a home EV charger that is right for you.

This is because it is incredibly convenient to do so while you sleep overnight. Just like your phone, every day you wake up to your car 100% charged and ready to take on the day. This is why one of the first questions first-time EV drivers have is, “how do I know which EV home charger is best for me?”

As you may have learned, there are dozens and dozens of EV chargers (sometimes called EVSE or Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) out there. Some say they are “Level 2” while others say they are “40 amp capable.” For the first-time EV driver, this may sound like a lot of mumble-jumble.

In this article, you’ll learn the important charging terminology and all the various home EV charger features. Most importantly, you’ll learn how to choose a home EV charger that best fits your specific needs. Like any other product, why pay more for features that you don’t need?

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Benefits of Charging Your EV at Home

There are several benefits to charging your EV at home. These benefits, such as convenience, make owning and driving an EV much simpler than people normally think. At first, it may sound difficult as it requires a bit of a behavior shift from owning an internal combustion engine vehicle, or gas car. However, after a short period of time, EV drivers quickly adapt to the new vehicle refueling routine. In fact, per a study by Plug in America, 96 percent of current EV drivers stated they are likely to buy another EV².

Convenience (Less of Your Time)

As previously mentioned, the vast majority of EV drivers charge at home. Since the car sits overnight without any use and electrical power is nearby in the garage, it is extremely convenient to charge overnight. Many say charging an EV is just like charging a phone. In most cases, it is as simple as parking, plugging, and walking away. Only in rare cases will you need to charge at a public charging station while out on the road.

Less Cost

Another benefit of charging your EV at home is that it is much cheaper than at a public charging station. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the average residential electricity rate in January 2021 was $0.13 per kilowatt-hour³. In contrast, per Green Car Journal, public charging network fees vary from as little as $0.16 to $1.07 per kilowatt-hour⁴.

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Home EV Charger Factors to Consider

Now that you know a few of the benefits of charging at home, it is time to dive into how to choose your home EV charger.

Charging Speed

One of the first considerations you will need to make while you choose your home EV charger is the charging speed. A Level 1 charger (one that uses 120 volts or a regular outlet that is used for your phone or TV) is usually provided with most new EVs but is quite slow. In fact, it is usually called a “trickle charger” due to its slow speed. Typically, a Level 1 charger provides around four miles of range per hour of charging.

On the other hand, a Level 2 charger (one that uses 240 volts or an outlet for an electric dryer) can charge an EV much quicker than a Level 1 charger. Level 2 chargers are often advertised with the maximum power or amps they can charge at. The slowest is at 3.8 kW or 16A, while the fastest, is around 12 kW or 50A. In terms of range, a Level 2 charger can provide around 12 to 37 miles of range per hour of charging.

Charger Features

When it comes to features, there are two types of chargers: smart/Wi-Fi capable and non-smart/Wi-Fi capable. The smart chargers offer a variety of features such as smartphone notifications, custom charging scheduling, user and guest access control, and more. On the other hand, non-smart chargers cannot provide these features. A smart charger typically costs around $500 to $700 while a non-smart charger costs around $300.

Plug Type

There are two main types of home EV charger plugs: Tesla and J1772. The Tesla plug is proprietary only for Tesla vehicles. There are adapters available for a Level 2 Tesla charger, however, if you don’t have or don’t plan on getting a Tesla, a universal plug, the J1772, is best. The J1772 plug is the standard for all other EVs, whether it is Ford or BMW.

If in doubt, it is best to choose your home EV charger with a J1772 plug as all EVs can easily charge with it and all Tesla vehicles are supplied with a J1772 adapter.

Safety/Reliability

Safety at no expense. With many products out there, it is important to consider safety and reliability when you choose your home EV charger. Chargers reviewed and tested by the third-party testing group, UL, is a definite must when browsing. Additionally, it is worth checking online reviews to ensure the product functions as advertised. Lastly, it is key to check the warranty terms. It is a good idea to get a charger with a minimum of a one-year warranty.

Cost for Installation

The cost to install a home charger depends on a number of factors: electrician fees, outlet distance to an electrical panel, outlet voltage and amperage rating, charger hardwired or plug-in type, and more. For a simple installation where the electrical panel is located near the garage or parking location, it will take the electrician just a few hours. Per NeoCharge, it will cost around $500 to $2,250 to install a 240-volt outlet for a Level 2 charger⁵. It is highly recommended to shop around to ensure you receive the best price.

Cost for Maintenance

For many years, the home EV charger should work without any servicing or maintenance. The vast majority of the parts are non-moving, therefore, there should be little that wears down over time. If there is a part of the charger that is to fail, it will likely be the plug. As you can imagine, that component is used a number of times each day. Fortunately, the cost to replace the cable and plug is relatively inexpensive. Per EV Charging Solutions, a replacement cable will cost around $100⁶.

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How to Choose the Right Vendor

Once you have selected the right home EV charger for you, it is time to select the vendor. Each vendor may have different pricing, however, not all will include maintenance contracts or extended warranties.

Maintenance Contracts

While EV chargers last for many years, they, like all things, will eventually need servicing. To avoid the stress of figuring out how to charge your EV when your home EV charger malfunctions, it could be beneficial to sign a maintenance contract with the vendor or better yet, become a 365 Pronto customer for hassle-free EV charger operations and maintenance. This peace of mind will ensure the charger is functioning properly over time so that your vehicle can stay fully charged when needed.

Warranties

As aforementioned, each home charger should come with at least a basic warranty of one year. In addition, it could be a good idea to also get an extended warranty from the vendor. This additional warranty would cover parts and labor after a few years of ownership. Like the maintenance contract, it can bring peace of mind.

For any EV charger maintenance, repair, or installation, 365 Pronto’s easy-to-use platform connects you and your EV asset directly to a network of local, compliant, and certified service providers. It’s as simple as creating a work order in under three minutes and a push notification is sent to local, on-demand providers in your area waiting to fill the gaps in their calendars. To learn more about how to onboard and become a Pronto customer, contact the 365 Pronto Team for additional information or a platform demo.

Sources:

Department of Energy: Charging at Home¹
Plug in America: Satisfied Drivers, Optimistic Intenders²
U.S. Energy Information Administration: Average Electricity Rates³
Green Car Journal: What Does Public Charging Cost?
NeoCharge: How Much Does it Cost to Install a Home Charging Station?
EV Charging Solutions: Replacement Cables

Making the Most of an EV Charger Rebate and Incentives

Being an electric vehicle (EV) owner reaps many benefits. An EV charger rebate or other federal incentives for residential and commercial EV charger owners is an added bonus. There are nearly 100,000 public charging outlets for EVs across the country; however, many turn to install home EV chargers for easy overnight charging.


Depending on your EV’s battery capacity and the electrical outlets you have at home, a dedicated home EV charger can be installed. They do come at a price, however. Fortunately, there are lots of tax rebates and cost-saving incentives available for buying and installing EV chargers.

We cover reasons to charge at home, types of EV chargers, and how to take advantage of federal incentives.

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Why Charge at Home?

There are several reasons why you would install a dedicated EV charger at home.


The main reason is convenience — simply plug your EV in when you get home. Your vehicle battery is topped off while you sleep, ensuring you have enough range to get to where you want to go the next day.

Home EV chargers make for easy and convenient overnight charging.

EV chargers become more affordable via available tax rebates lower rates at night or other off-peak times. Off-peak times refer to the times of day or days of the week when electricity use is the lowest and the rates are often lower than the basic service price (Electric Rate, 2021).


Under current legislation, the federal tax incentives for EV chargers expire at the end of 2021.

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Types of EV Chargers Available

Currently, there are three types, or levels, of EV chargers. The most inexpensive and basic EV charger is a Level 1, typically included at the purchase of an electric vehicle. Level 2 chargers are dedicated EV chargers for residential use, but require a professional electrician to perform the installation. The most powerful chargers are Level 3. These are typically reserved for commercial use only.

The differences between Level 1, 2, and 3 Electric Vehicle Chargers.

To choose the right EV charger, you’ll want to consider several factors.


First, your EV may come with a battery of a certain size. For a given voltage, or the larger the battery is, the longer it takes to charge. If it takes more than 10+ hours to charge an EV battery using a level 1 charger, charging time can be cut in half by installing a level 2 charger.


Second, consider how often and how far you drive each day. If you drive significantly less than 60 miles per day, a level 1 charger would suffice as it can charge up to five miles per hour for 12 hours for a total range of 60 miles.

More than 60 miles per day of driving would require a level 2 charger, resulting in a range of 360 miles.


It is important to check the voltages of your electric outlets to confirm they can support a level 2 charger. If not, you may need to have it professionally installed by an electrician. Federal tax incentives and rebates often cover much of the installation costs.


In most cases, the best option for residential users is a level 2 charger as they afford full overnight charging. Some chargers are even programmable! If you run a lot of errands on weekends, you can also top your car off in between errands. Finally, tax rebates make level 2 EV chargers affordable for most people, while level 1 chargers are not typically covered.

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Who Offers Home Charging Incentives and Why?

Incentives for charging your EV at home are offered by the federal government, the state government in the state in which you reside, and your power company if they offer charging discounts at off-peak times.


The federal government offers a 30% tax rebate for both home chargers and commercial chargers (typically referred to as Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment, or EVSE). EV chargers are eligible for federal tax rebates until December 31, 2021.


Some states and their electric companies offer incentives in addition to the federal tax rebate, including but not limited to the following:

  • California: Many power companies offer $500 rebates toward home EV charger installations.
  • Arizona: State provides a $75 tax credit for EV charger installations. Tucson Electric Power (TEP) offers $500 rebates for installations and discounts for off-peak charging.
  • Colorado: Rebates of $250-500 towards EV charger purchases are available.
  • Connecticut and New York: Clearview Energy offers free EV charging from 11 PM to 6 AM. Groton Utilities offers a $600 rebate for a level 2 EV charger, while PSEG Long Island offers a $500 rebate.
  • Texas: Most companies offer rebates of $250-500 for level 2 EV chargers. Austin Energy offers a 50% rebate (maximum $1,200) to cover purchase and installation of a level 2 EV charger

To find rebates and incentives in your own state, go to Alternative Fuels Data Center, click the Incentives tab, and click your state to find a complete list.


Why do governments and power companies offer such generous rebates and incentives? They have emission reduction goals and sustainability objectives to meet in a short time frame, so they want to incentivize consumer shift to clean power while encouraging the development of an e-mobility industry.

Many cities and states have strong reasons to promote EV adoption locally.


Utilities aim to reduce the load on their electric grids. To incentivize the shift of EV charging from costly peak usage toward less costly off-peak usage, they offer lower rates when charging during off-peak hours.

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What Types of Incentives Are Available?

To better understand what tax incentives are available, it’s important to be aware that there are different types (levels) of charging stations. The first two types are available for residences, and the third type is only for commercial use.

Residential Use

On average, a charging station installed at a residence costs between $250 and $1,900. There are two types of charging stations for residences, level 1 and level 2. The hardware cost of a level 1 EV charging station usually lies in the lower end of the price range, and the level 2 charger toward the higher end.


The tax incentive:


You can save up to $1,000 on buying and installing an EV charging station at home. Specifically, with the EV charger tax credit, you get 30% off the cost of the charging station up to $1,000, including both hardware and installation costs (The Environmental Center, 2020).

Commercial Use

While level 1 and 2 chargers are suitable for light-duty EVs, the level 3 charger is much larger in size and is designed to charge heavy-duty EVs for commercial use. They are not available for home installations.


This type of charging station supports much larger voltages and thus can charge heavy-duty EVs much faster than level 1 or 2 chargers. Although level 3 charging stations are much more expensive, running between $20,000 to $50,000 each, they can support 480-800 volts and charge 250-300 miles per hour over only 20-30 minutes.


The tax incentive:


You can get a 30% tax credit of up to $30,000 for installing a level 3 charging station at your place of business by December 31, 2021 (The Environmental Center, 2020).

Rebate Also Covers Installation Costs

Installations can be expensive because labor charges for electricians can run you $50-100 per hour.


Assuming you already have a garage, installation costs such as wiring, wall connections, as well as a permit can add another few hundred dollars to your total costs. In some cases, you may need to add a circuit to support 240 volts in your garage, costing around $700 on average.


Fortunately, EV charger tax rebates can help cover these installation costs. You can retroactively apply for rebates for installs done as early as 2017. (Source: The Environmental Center)

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How Do I Get the EV Charger Rebate?

Obtaining an EV charger rebate can increasing saving on an EV purchase, EV charger hardware, and installation costs.


However, EV charger rebates aren’t typically awarded for level 1 chargers. An EV charge rebate will require a purchase of a level 2 EV charger installed by an electrician.


A professional installation is often required for the rebate, so for that reason — and for your own safety — don’t try to install it yourself.

Required documents

To get awarded the rebate, you’ll need to supply the following documentation along with Form 8911 of your tax return (see instructions):

  • DMV registration of your EV
  • EV purchase or lease agreement
  • Receipt or invoice for the charger
  • Photo of installed charger
  • Receipt from the installer
  • Local permits (if applicable)

Keep in mind that you need to purchase and install the charging station at your home by December 31, 2021, to be eligible for the rebate.


Further reading: What Is Form 8911: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property Credit

What if I live in an apartment or condo?

You can still get the rebate, but you may be required to take additional steps because part of the process falls on the property manager’s responsibility.

First, let your property manager or HOA know about commercial EV charging incentives, many of which are applicable to multifamily properties.

Second, ask if community chargers for shared parking and personal chargers for assigned parking are available. Some suppliers of EV chargers do work with property managers to set them up at your residence.

Some states such as California, Colorado, Florida, and Oregon — to name a few — have “right to charge” laws that allow you to use an EV charger at home, whether it is a house or apartment, or condo. Check with your state and local authorities to see if this applies to you.

To learn more about how to install an EV charger at your apartment complex, read our blog Three Ways to Charge an EV at an Apartment Complex.

Expected cost and savings

You can reasonably expect to spend roughly $1,500-2,000 on purchasing and installing a level 2 charger,d to get a 30% rebate to help defray those costs.

Plus, charging an EV will cost the typical consumer between 3.5 and 12 cents per mile driven. This is in comparison to a gas-powered vehicle that costs between 4.4 and 39 cents per mile driven (JDPower, 2021).

These efficiencies result in 40% lower maintenance costs and up to $10,000 in lifetime fueling costs. Finally, utility companies often provide discounts of 5% off your electricity bill if you use your EV charger, especially during off-peak times.

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Next Steps

To learn more about installing an EV charging station, use the 365 Pronto platform to gain direct access to a network of local, compliant, and certified service providers. Our world-class team can help you get started today.


I already have an EV charger installed. Now what?


You still have a chance to save on operations and maintenance costs for your EV charging equipment by becoming a Pronto customer, or contact our 365 Pronto Team and request a demo before you try.


One final point: unless Congress renews them, the EV charger tax credits expire December 31, 2021, so take action now before it’s too late!

All You Need to Know About Federal Incentives for EV Charging Stations

Shopping for an electric vehicle (EV)? Some may be more expensive than gasoline-powered cars, and you’d need to charge their batteries when not in use. But there are state and federal EV charging incentives to help defray those costs, and even save you money in the long term.

Maintenance costs are for electric vehicles are 40% lower than a gas-powered vehicles.

According to AutoNews, your maintenance costs would be 40% lower for an electric vehicle (EV) than a gas-powered vehicle of similar size over eight years or 100,000 miles. Plus, research done by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory shows that you could save between $3,000 and $10,500 in lifetime fueling costs with an EV over a gas-powered vehicle (NREL, 2020).


In this article, we’ll explore these incentives and other considerations such as setting up a charger at home, battery capacity, charging time, hardware, and installation costs.

Federal EV Charging Incentives in 2021

In many cases, you could get a tax credit of up to $7,500 to buy a new qualified plug-in EV.


The plug-in EV credit (IRC 30D) was originally enacted in Section 30D of the Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008. It was amended by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 effective for vehicles acquired after December 31, 2009.

How much is the EV tax credit?


This credit starts at a minimum of $2,500 and is capped at a maximum of $7,500. The credit amount is calculated for each make and model-based solely on their battery capacity, which is used to estimate the EV’s range on a full charge (My EV, 2019).


According to EV Adoption, the IRS uses the size of the battery pack to calculate the EV tax credit, as long as the battery capacity is at least 5 kilowatt-hours (kWh). They start with $2,500 for a minimum of a 5 kWh battery pack, plus $417 for all battery packs. Then here’s the important part: they add $417 for every kWh of battery capacity in excess of 5 kWh.


If, for example, you buy an EV with a 10 kWh battery pack, the IRS will give you a tax credit of $5,002:

Breakdown of a tax credit scenario for an EV with a 10 kWh battery.

Which manufacturers produce qualified EVs?

It is easy to check whether an EV qualifies for a tax credit and for how much. You can check the IRS list with federal EV charging incentives for the exact credit amounts.


You could also reference another list from Edmunds which shows the credits for both EVs and plug-in hybrids.


Here are a few examples:

  • With a large battery of 33.5 kWh, a Ford Focus Electric manufactured between 2012 and 2018 gets you a full credit of $7,500.
  • A Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid with an 8.8 kWh battery produced after 2019 gets you a credit of $4,502.
  • With a smaller battery size of 7.1 kWh, a BMW i8 manufactured between 2014 to 2017 gets you a credit of $3,793.

Read the fine print before you buy an EV

As with any tax incentive, there are conditions you need to meet before you are eligible to receive the credit. The EV must be:

  • Acquired after December 31, 2009.
  • Owned or leased by the taxpayer and not used for resale.
  • Used primarily by the taxpayer.
  • Used predominantly in the United States.
  • Have batteries rated at least 4KWh of energy storage capacity.
  • Capable of being recharged from an external source.

These tax credits will eventually be phased out if a manufacturer has already sold a minimum of 200,000 qualified plug-in EVs for use in the United States.

Tesla and GM have sold 200,000 each, thus are no more tax credits for EVs produced by these manufacturers. Be sure to double-check with the specific manufacturer before you buy, or check the phase-out tracker by EVAdoption.


For more information, read the IRS Pub 8911. If you are looking to receive the tax credit, download the 8911 form to file your tax return.

Federal EV Tax Credits for Charging Stations


Not only do you get a tax credit when buying or leasing an EV, but you also get tax incentives for purchasing and installing an EV charging station at your home or business. These federal EV charging incentives can help offset the cost of hardware as well as installation costs, including labor charges.


For more details, check out our article on tax incentives associated with purchasing and installing EV charging stations.

Examples of Incentives Per State

Are there any state tax credits you can also take advantage of?

Yes, but many of these apply only to businesses. Some state incentives come as exemptions from fees or inspections, while others are nonmonetary incentives like free parking or carpool lane access.

Here are a few examples:

California

The Clean Vehicle Rebate Program provides up to $7,000 to each California resident if they buy or lease a new, eligible zero-emission battery-powered EV, or plug-in hybrid light-duty vehicle, or a fuel-cell EV. Similar to the federal incentive program, different vehicles have different rebate amounts.

Current funding is nearly exhausted in 2021. Once these rebate funds are exhausted, additional applications will be placed on a waiting list.


Colorado

The state has its own set of state incentives with different amounts for light vs. heavy-duty, owned vs. leased EVs. Residents can get a $2,000 credit for leasing a light-duty EV, or $4,000 for purchasing it outright (Alternative Fuels Data Center, 2021).


New York

State EV incentives in New York are similar to those of California but much smaller, capped at only $2,000. However, they have thousands of charging stations throughout the state, and PEVs are eligible for HOV lane access with a 10% discount on EZ tag toll road fees (NYSERDA, 2021).

Useful maps of State Incentives

A neat tool you can use to find the state incentives you’re eligible for based on your state or zip code is available at the Plug In America website.


You could click on your state for an overview of the available incentives, or continue to PlugStar, enter your zip code to pull up the incentives available to you based on where you live.


Another tool at the Alternative Fuels Data Center allows you to sort incentives by state and type. There, you will find incentives not just for EV, but also fuel cell vehicles, hybrid vehicles, along with other rebates and exemptions.

Here are a few ways you can take advantage of these credits and start saving money.

How do I get started with installing an EV charging station and get the tax credit?

You can either install it at your place of residence or at your office, using a qualified and compliant service provider. To learn more about installing an EV charging station, use the 365 Pronto platform to get direct access to a network of local, compliant, and certified service providers.

What if I already have an EV charger installed?

You can reduce your maintenance costs and headaches by becoming a Pronto customer and create a corresponding work order. If you want a platform demo before trying us out, contact our 365 Pronto Team and request one.

Sources